Do you want to understand recording? At Studiospares, we understand that the world of recording can be very daunting and often hard to comprehend, with complex words that have even more complex meanings, leading to complex headaches… But don’t worry we’re here to help you shed some light on recording! 

Our goal is to break down the barrier to entry on recording so that anyone can understand these concepts. When you come to recording your track, you’ll understand what everything is and exactly what it’s doing! 


Acoustic Treatment

Materials or structures used to control sound reflections and reverberations in a room.


Analogue-to-Digital Converter (ADC)

Device that converts analogue audio signals into digital data.



Programming changes in parameters over time in a DAW or mixing console.


Bit Depth

The number of bits of information in each sample of an audio signal.



A pathway that carries multiple audio signals together.


Click Track/Metronome

A sound used to keep musicians in time during recording.



Reducing the dynamic range of an audio signal.


Condenser Microphone

A sensitive type of microphone commonly used in studio recording for capturing vocals and acoustic instruments.


Dead Room

A room with minimal reverb and reflections, suitable for close-miking.



An effect producing echoes or repetitions of an audio signal.


Digital Audio Workstation (DAW)

Software used for recording, editing, and mixing audio.


Digital-to-Analogue Converter (DAC)

Device that converts digital audio signals back into analogue form.



Adding low-level noise to a digital signal to improve audio quality during bit-depth reduction.



Automatically reducing the volume of one audio signal when another is present.


Dynamic Microphone

Sturdier and less sensitive than condenser mics, ideal for live performances and recording louder sound sources.


Equalization (EQ)

Adjusting the balance of frequencies in an audio signal.



Control used to adjust the volume level of a channel on a mixing console.


Fletcher-Munson Curves

Graphs showing human hearing sensitivity at different frequencies.


Gain Reduction

The decrease in signal level caused by compression.



The increase in signal level, controlled by preamps or amplifiers.



Used for monitoring during recording and mixing.



The delay between an audio signal’s input and output.


MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)

Protocol allowing communication between electronic musical instruments and computers.


Mix Bus

The main stereo output of a mixing console.


Mixing Desk/Console

Central control for combining and modifying audio signals from different sources.


Monitor Speakers

High-quality speakers used for critical listening during mixing and mastering.


Multitrack Recording

Simultaneously recording multiple audio sources onto separate tracks.



Controls for silencing or focusing on specific audio tracks.


Noise Gate

Attenuates or mutes a signal when it falls below a certain threshold.



Recording additional parts over an existing recording.



Placing a sound in the stereo field, left to right.



A panel with jacks used to connect various audio devices in a studio setup.


Phantom Power

A power source used to operate condenser microphones and other devices.



The interference caused by combining two signals with similar content out of phase.


Pitch Correction

Software used to adjust the pitch of a vocal or instrument performance.


Pop Filter

A screen or mesh used to reduce plosive sounds when recording vocals.



The time between the direct sound and the onset of reverberation.



A device that amplifies weak signals from microphones or instruments to line level for further processing.


Punch In/Out

Recording over a specific section without re-recording the entire track.



Simulating the acoustic space to add depth to recordings.


Ribbon Microphone

A type of microphone with a thin aluminium ribbon as its transducer.


Room Mic

A microphone placed to capture the ambient sound of a room.


Sample Rate

The number of samples of audio carried per second, typically measured in kHz.



Creating harmonic distortion in audio for warmth and character.



Aligning multiple audio sources in time.


Talkback Mic

Microphone used by the engineer to communicate with artists in the recording room.


Time Signature

Notation indicating the number of beats per measure.



The initial attack of a sound.


VU Meter

Device displaying the level of audio signals.



A type of connector used for microphones and other audio equipment.